What are Enzymes?Enzymes are substances that function as organic catalysts, in other words, they either start chemical reactions or make them run faster. They accomplish this while remaining unchanged themselves. Enzymes are composed of two parts, a protein portion called the apoenzyme and a nonprotein portion, either a coenzyme (organic) or cofactor (inorganic). Enzymes are present in every cell in both plants and animals; and are responsible for regulating the biochemical reactions necessary to sustain life. Enzymes are highly specific, both in the substrate they affect, and in the reactions they catalyze. They can exist both in active and in inactive forms, and many enzymes occur naturally in both active and inactive forms in cells. They can, however, be permanently inactivated by altering their environmental conditions, such as pH or temperature.
Is acidophilus an enzyme?
No, acidophilus is a very beneficial bacteria that lives in the colon. It does aid in absorption of nutrients but it is not an enzyme and will not digest food in the stomach.
High doses may cause diarrhea, cramping, or vomiting. If you observe any of these reactions, contact your veterinarian immediately. If your pet experiences an allergic reaction to the medication, signs may include facial swelling, hives, scratching, sudden onset of diarrhea, vomiting, shock, seizures, pale gums, cold limbs, or coma. If you observe any of these signs, contact your veterinarian immediately. Precautions Do not use in animals hypersensitive (allergic) to pork products. The powder may irritate or burn the skin on contact. Wash immediately if you get any on your skin or your pet's skin. Wash hands after handling this medication. In humans, inhaling the powder may cause an asthma attack or irritation to the lungs. Drug and Food Interactions Notify your veterinarian of any other medications, including vitamins and supplements, your pet is taking while your pet is receiving pancreatic enzymes. Antacids may decrease the effectiveness of pancreatic enzymes. Cimetidine and other histamine H 2 receptor antagonists (medications used to decrease stomach acid) may increase the amount of pancreatic enzymes that reach the upper intestines. Signs of Toxicity/Overdose An overdose may cause diarrhea, vomiting, or cramping. The effects should be temporary, but if you observe any of these reactions, contact your veterinarian immediately. Keep this and all other medications out of the reach of children and pets.
The warning label shown above is quoted from an actual product for pets.
How do enzymes aid in digestion?
Enzymes are an integral part of the digestive process. From the time food enters the mouth, enzymes are at work breaking the food down into smaller and smaller units until it can be absorbed through the intestinal wall. These enzymes come from two sources, those found in the food itself, and those produced in the body.
All raw food naturally contains the proper types and proportions of enzymes necessary to assist in the process of decomposition. In addition, when raw food is eaten, chewing ruptures the cell membranes and releases these indigenous food enzymes, many of which survive and contribute to the digestive process. These enzymes include protease, which breaks long protein chains (polypeptides) into smaller amino acid chains and eventually into single amino acids, amylase that reduces large carbohydrates (starches and other polysaccharides) to disaccharides including sucrose, lactose, and maltose, lipase that digests fats (triglycerides) into free fatty acids and glycerol, and cellulase. Cellulase, which is not found in the human system, breaks the bonds found in fiber.
Most food enzymes are essentially destroyed under the conditions used to cook and process food, leaving foods devoid of enzyme activity. Placing the full digestive burden on the body, the body's digestive process can become over-stressed. Digestive problems can result, causing improper digestion and malabsorption of nutrients that can have far reaching effects. Consequences of malabsorption can include impaired immunity, allergic reaction, poor wound healing, skin problems and mood swings. Supplemental enzymes can improve the level of digestion and help assure that the maximum level of nutrient absorption is attained.
Supplemental enzymes of microbial and plant origin work at the pH found in the upper stomach. Food sits in the upper portion of the stomach for as long as an hour before gastric secretions begin their action. Several studies have shown that the enzymes in saliva continue their digestive activity in the upper stomach and can digest up to 30% of the ingested protein, 60% of ingested starch and 10% of ingested fat during the 30 to 60 minutes after consumption. Although salivary enzymes accomplish a significant amount of digestion, their activity is limited to a pH level above 5.0. Supplemental microbial enzymes, and some plant enzymes, are active in the pH range of 3.0 to 9.0 and can facilitate the hydrolysis of a much larger amount of protein, carbohydrates and fat before Hydrochloric Acid is secreted in sufficient amounts to neutralize their activity. Obviously, these enzymes can contribute significantly in improving food nutrient utilization.
food enzymes missing in cooked and processed foods?
Directions for raw fed pets.
Assuming that you are feeding only 100% raw meat with no potatoes, rice or vegetables that needs to be cooked. What I recommend for raw fed dogs is this. Cut the amount of Total-Zymes® to ¼ to ½ scoops per cup of raw food. The benefit is, Total-Zymes® will replace the enzymes lost in freezing and handling of the meat. Then the enzymes over and above what is needed to digest the food will be used systemically to combat inflammation and joint discomfort. Those enzymes will also work on possible allergens such as pollen, dander, dust mite feces and more. It can also prevent a reaction with flea bite saliva; there is a protein in flea’s salvia that causes the itch.
Total-Biotics® on the other hand should be doubled to two scoops per cup of raw food. This will insure your pet’s intestinal tract will remain well populated with good bacteria thus crowding out bad bacteria and yeasts. Because the meat is not a fresh kill, like it would be in the wild, (a squirrel or rabbit) and has been handled in a commercial meat packing plant the possibility of bacterial contamination is greater (E.coli, salmonella ,etc.). Remember freezing does not kill bacteria.
We have many raw fed dog and cats that are thriving on this adjusted dosing of Total-Zymes® and Total-Biotics®.
|"The length of life
is inversely proportional to the rate of exhaustion of the enzymes potential of
an organism. The increased use of food enzymes promotes a decreased rate of
exhaustion of the enzyme potential."
|The Enzyme Nutrition Axiom - Dr. Edward Howell (the father of enzyme nutrition)|
By Rohit Medhekar, Ph.D.
The enzymes naturally present in food play an important role in
digestion by helping to predigest the ingested food in the upper stomach before
hydrochloric acid (stomach acid) has even been secreted. This predigestion is
hindered when food is cooked or processed because the enzymes are destroyed by
the processing procedures. Placing the full digestive burden on the body, the
body's digestive process can become over-stressed and incomplete. As a result,
vital nutrients may not be released from the food for assimilation by the body,
and gastrointestinal problems may result.
The primary purpose of enzymes in supplement form is to enhance the enzymes available in raw food, and replace those enzymes lost when food is cooked or processed. In addition, supplementation enables more digestion to begin in the gastric region, easing the burden on the digestive system as a whole. The earlier that digestion can begin, the greater the likelihood that no undigested food will enter the colon where bacteria can feed upon it, causing such problems as gas and bloating.
Nearly every pet can benefit from supplementation with enzymes. Even healthy pets may improve their absorption and utilization of nutrients through the use of digestive enzymes. Of course, the benefits will vary, depending upon the individual's diet and general health. Pets in good health can expect to notice less fullness after meals, increased energy, faster emptying of the stomach contents, decreased gas, and more regular bowel habits.
Supplemental enzymes replace the enzymes once present in raw food. Most enzymes are lost in cooking and processing. Only raw or uncooked food contains enzymes. Nature put these enzymes in food to aid in digesting the food pets eat so their body's enzymes would not have to handle all the work. By using, a supplemental enzyme on your pets food you free up their body's enzymes. When enzymes are missing from our pets food, the full burden of digestion falls on the pets own digestive system. Food sits in their stomach for nearly an hour before their body's digestive enzymes are secreted. It is during this time that food and supplemental enzymes do their best work breaking down complex food molecules. During the first 30 to 60 minutes after eating, enzymes are hard at work, predigesting food long before the stomach acids render some of them inactive. Enzymes not destroyed in the stomach are re-activated in the small intestine and continue working to fully digest your pets food.
Today's typical diet of canned food, baked kibble and processed treats make it very important to give your pet supplemental enzymes to relieve some of the body's digestive stress. Since your pet's body will put a higher priority on digestion than on maintaining health, it will steal enzymes from the immune system to finish digestion. Taking a supplemental enzyme can help take stress off not only their digestive organs, but also our pet's immune system.
By using Total-Zymes® on any pet's food you free up their body's digestive system.
When enzymes are missing from pets food, the full burden of digestion falls on the pets own digestive system. Many premium pet food companies put a lot of thought and good ingredients in their food that you sell, but by not fully digesting it, the pet does not get full benefit of the food your customer just spend a lot of money on.
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Our powders do not contain any, chemicals, gluten, dairy, eggs, preservatives, corn, artificial coloring or flavoring. All Natural Ingredients are guaranteed Non-GMO. Our facility that manufactures all of our formulas are inspected and certified by NSF International and is in full compliance with GMP Requirements for Dietary Supplements. We also utilize a third party testing lab that insures that all our quality ingredients are tested and retested for purity and quality.